AUTHENTICATION OF ROOF DECORATIVE ELEMENT FROMTRADITIONAL MALAY ARCHITECTURE IN EAST COAST STYLE PENINSULA MALAYSIA

ABSTRACT
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
Keywords: Authenticity, Decorative Element
CHAPTER 1 :           INTRODUCTION

 

  • Introduction
  • Background of Studies
    • Authenticity issues on Heritage and Conservation Area
    • Decorative ElementsIn Malay Traditional Architecture
    • Significant of Studies

1.3Problem Statement

  • Research Gap
  • Research Questions
  • Research Objectives
  • Outline of Thesis Chapter
  • Constrain And Limitation
  • Research Methodology

 

CHAPTER 2:            AUTHENTICITY FROM THE HERITAGE AND CONSERVATIOAN AREA

 

2.1       Introduction

 

2.2       Terms and Definitions on Authenticity

 

2.3       History Background of Authenticity and Charters in General

3.3.1    USA Parks Service

2.3.1    UNESCO, 1945

2.3.2    ICOMOS, 1964

 

2.4       Parameter of Authenticity in General
2.4.1    Forms andDesign

2.4.2    Materialand Substance

2.4.3    Workmanship

2.4.4    Setting

 

2.5       Summary and Discussion
CHAPTER 3:DECORATIVE ELEMENT


                        3.1       Introduction

 

3.2       Malay Traditional Architecture
3.2.1    The Palace

3.2.2    The Mosque

3.2.3    The House

3.2.4    The Wakaf

 

3.3       The Roof form of Malay Traditional  Architecture

3.3.1    Roof with Single Ridge BumbungPanjang

                                    3.3.2    Roof with Five Ridge BumbungPerabung Lima

                                    3.3.3    Roof with Four Ridge/Pyramidal TypeBumbungMeru

3.3.4    Roof with Dutch Type / Perak Style BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak
3.4       Typology of RoofDecorative Elementsof East Coast Style Architecture

3.4.1Roof  Decorative Element

3.4.1.1 Barge Board Pemeleh

3.4.1.2 Sisek Naga

                                                3.4.1.3 Finial BuahButong, TunjukLangit

                                                3.4.1.4KepalaCicak

                                                3.4.1.5Roof Eave EkorItik/SuloBayung

                                                3.4.1.6 Facia Board Ande-Ande

                                                3.4.1.7TiangGantung

 

3.5       The Roof Decorative Element and its Authenticity

3.5.1    The Design

3.5.2    The Material

3.5.3    The Workmanship

3.5.4    The Setting

 

3.6       Summary and Discussion

CHAPTER 4:            RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

 

4.1       Introduction

 

4.2      Data Collected

4.2.1    Literature Review

4.2.2    Measured Drawing

4.2.3    Photo

4.2.4    Case Study(Primary Data)

 

4.3       Detail of Research

4.3.1    The Determination of East Coast Style

4.3.2    The Selected of Traditional Malay Architecture

4.3.3    Character of Building Selected

4.3.3.1 Observations ontheSelected Building

4.3.3.2 Based on History and Family Background

4.3.3.3 Based on Building Characteristic

4.3.3.4 Location

 

4.4       Development of Checklist

4.4.1    Develop a Table from Literature Review

4.4.2    Fieldwork I (To Confirm The Existence of Selected Building)

4.4.3    Develop a Checklist

4.4.4    Fieldwork II (To Collect Data)

 

4.5       Method of Analysis

4.5.1    Using the Parameter of Authenticity

 

4.6       Problems andLimitation onResearch Method

4.6.1    The Building

4.6.2    The Owner

4.6.3    The Location

4.6.4    The Equipment

 

4.7       Summary

 

CHAPTER 5:                        THE DATA COLLECTION

 

5.1       Introduction

 

5.2       List of Selected Buildingfor RoofDecorative Element in East Coast Style

 

5.2.1    Overall Buildings Selected

5.2.2   Roof Decorative Element From Case Study

5.2.3   Decorative Elements from East Coast Style

5.2.3.1 Pemeleh

5.2.3.2 Sisik Naga

5.2.3.3 BuahButong/TunjukLangit

5.2.3.4 EkorItik/ SuloBayung

5.2.3.5 Ande-Ande

5.2.3.6 KepalaCicak

5.2.3.7 TiangGantung

                                                5.2.3.8 TebarLayar(Additional Element)

5.2.3.9 KunciTebarLayar (Additional Element)

 

 

5.3       Summary

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 6:                        THE DATA ANALYSIS

 

6.1       Introduction

 

6.2       Analysis of RoofDecorative Elementin East Coast StyleFollowed By Authenticity Parameter

 

6.2.1    Pemeleh

6.2.2    Sisik Naga

6.2.3    BuahButong/TunjukLangit

6.2.4    EkorItik/ SuloBayung

6.2.5    Ande-Ande

6.2.6    KepalaCicak

6.2.7    TiangGantung

                                    6.2.8    TebarLayar(Additional Element)

                                    6.2.9    KunciTebarLayar (Additional Element)

 

6.3       The Authenticity of Decorative Element Based of Parameter

 

6.3.1    Pemeleh

6.3.2    Sisik Naga

6.3.3    BuahButong/TunjukLangit

6.3.4    EkorItik/ SuloBayung

6.3.5    Ande-Ande

6.3.6    KepalaCicak

6.3.7    TiangGantung

 

6.4       Summaryand Discussion

 

CHAPTER 7 :           RESEARCH FINDING

 

7.1       Introduction

 

7.2       List of Decorative Element Discussion

7.2.1    Decorative Element of Gable EndBumbungPanjangPemeleh

7.2.2    BumbungLimas/PotongBelanda/Potong PerakSisek Naga

7.2.3    Gable End BumbungPanjang andbumbungPotongBelanda -Barge Board/TebarLayar

7.2.4    BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak – Finial – BuahButon

7.2.5    BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak and Perabung Lima-Roof Eave/EkorItik

7.2.6    BumbungPotongBelanda and BumbungLimas-Fascia Board/Ande-Ande

7.2.7    BumbungPotongBelandaKepalaCicak

 

7.3       Authentic form of DE Traditional Malay Architecture
7.4       Decorative Elements with new building materials

 

7.5       Decorative Element as Conceptual

 

7.3       Summary andDiscussion

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 8:            CONCLUSION AND RECOMENDATION

 

8.0       Introduction

 

8.1       Authenticity criteria Decorative Element of East Coast Style Part of Malay Identity

 

8.2       Attributes to the Malay Order

 

8.3       The Contribution to Traditional Malay Architecture

 

8.4       Recommendation for Future Research

 

8.5       Summaryand Discussion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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